Angioplasty also called as Coronary angioplasty or percutaneous coronary intervention, is a minimally invasive non surgical procedure used to open obstructed coronary heart arteries which restores the blood flow to the heart.
The Heart is a muscular organ which is located between the lungs, is the core of circulatory system that pumps blood into the blood vessels which it takes to the different parts of our body.
The coronary arteries provide oxygenated blood to the heart. If any of the coronary arteries gets blocked or narrowed due to fatty deposits, then the flow of the oxygen rich blood becomes slow or gets blocked which results into the fatty deposits amass over time and the arteries coagulate. This can result in a condition called Coronary Atherosclerosis, blocked arteries, which can lead to chest pain or even a stroke, or a heart attack.
Angioplasty is habitually consolidate with the permanent placement of small expandable wire mesh tube called a stent to facilitate the artery open and reduce its possibility of narrowing again.
Following are the signs and symptoms of Coronary Atherosclerosis:
Depending on the causes mentioned above, the cardiologist may recommend any of the following types of angioplasty:
Recovery after this procedure is relatively quick since it is a laparoscopic (key-hole) procedure. Hospitalization of 2-3 days is required for this surgery and you may experience slight pain in your abdomen where the incisions are given, but it will wean off eventually.
Post discharge, you are required to be on a strict diet as advised by the doctor. A liquid diet is usually given for initial 2 weeks post-surgery after which you are allowed to intake soft food. Approximately a month later, you can resume normal food intake. However, your revised diet plan will include more protein, fruits and veggies since you need to maximize your nutrient intake from every bite you eat.
Along with the proper diet, exercise and lifestyle changes also needs to be accommodated for desired weight loss and to sustain the results.
Angioplasty is performed while you are conscious, under local anesthesia with sedation in a cardiac cath lab. Sometimes this will make you uncomfortable, but not usually painful. The cardiac surgeon makes a small incision in the groin or arm and inserts a thin tube, called a catheter, into the coronary artery. The catheter contains a small balloon and a small wire tube, called a stent. Once the catheter positioned, a dye is injected and X-rays are taken, which tell the surgeon where exactly the blockages are and how narrow the artery is. This procedure is also known as an angiogram and it acts as a map for the doctor.
Doctors will blow-up the balloon, releasing the stent and pushing it against the artery wall. Once the procedure is complete, the cells that lined up the blood vessel will grow around the stent, holding it in place. This procedure usually lasts up-to 30 minutes and can vary up to several hours. Sometimes, people will have to come again to get their arteries redone because of renarrowing (restenosis) at the site of balloon inflation.
Your physician would recommend you to undergo an angioplasty if:
You are suffering from chest pain or breathe shortness due to CAD and medicines have fallen short to help.
You have significant blockages in one or maximum two coronary arteries or Heart Bypass is the procedure if the number or arteries involved or the blockages are multiple.
Everyone suffering from CAD or atherosclerosis is not a good candidate for Angioplasty. If you have multiple blockages or if you have weaker heart muscle or if narrowing in the main artery carrying blood to the heart, you may need a Coronary Artery Bypass Graft, or CABG commonly called open heart surgery.
By following the advice below, individuals can lead healthier lives and minimize the risk of heart disease.
The blood flow through narrowed and blocked arteries can be increased by Angioplasty. By doing exercise Angina gets decreased and Improves health. With appropriate changes in lifestyle and medications the improvement of health can be acquired. After a successful coronary angioplasty, no further surgery is usually necessary.
After having Angioplasty you will get discharge from the hospital is usually 12 to 24 hours after the catheter is removed. Lots of patients are able to return to work or routine life within a few days to a week after the procedure.
The cost of Angioplasty in India depends on the type of procedure, surgeon and the facility where you choose to get the surgery done. Enlisted below is the cost of Angioplasty in India.
|SNo||Name of Procedure||Cost in India (USD)|
|1||Evaluation Package||500 - 1000|
|2||Angioplasty Procedure Cost||3000 - 3500|
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