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Angioplasty

Angioplasty

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Angioplasty

Angioplasty also called as Coronary Angioplasty or Percutaneous Coronary Intervention, is a minimally invasive non surgical procedure used to open obstructed coronary heart arteries which restores the blood flow to the heart.

The Heart is a muscular organ which is located between the lungs, is the core of circulatory system that pumps blood into the blood vessels which it takes to the different parts of our body.

The coronary arteries provide oxygenated blood to the heart. If any of the coronary arteries gets blocked or narrowed due to fatty deposits, then the flow of the oxygen rich blood becomes slow or gets blocked which results into the fatty deposits amass over time and the arteries coagulate. This can result in a condition called Coronary Atherosclerosis, blocked arteries, which can lead to chest pain or even a stroke, or a heart attack.

Angioplasty is habitually consolidate with the permanent placement of small expandable wire mesh tube called a stent to facilitate the artery open and reduce its possibility of narrowing again.



Causes

Following are the signs and symptoms of Coronary Atherosclerosis:

  • Severe chest pain, which gets worse with emotional stress or vigorous physical activity
  • Sensation such as heavy weight on the chest
  • Uneven heart palpitations
  • Breath shortness
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness
  • Weakness


Treatment Option

Depending on the causes mentioned above, the cardiologist may recommend any of the following types of angioplasty :

  • Balloon Angioplasty
    Balloon angioplasty is a minimally invasive procedure. In this procedure, a specially designed tiny balloon attached to a guidewire, is inserted into the contracted arteries to compress the fatty deposits which will restore blood flow to the heart.
  • Stenting
    Stents are small and expandable mesh metal tubes to enlarge narrow arteries and to avoid them from closing again. Stenting is frequently merged with ballooning angioplasty for enduring results, and thus prevents the problem of restenosis of the dilated artery. One, because they do not allow the balloon to collapse inside the artery and second, modern stents are medicine coated stents or drug releasing stents which reduce the rate of in-stent restenosis.
  • Rotablation
    Rotablation is done when the fatty Deposits are too rigid to be cut or transverse by balloon or stents. A special guide wire is passed till the spot of stenosis followed by a drill powered by compressed air is moved on at a speed of around 140,000 to 160,000 rpm. The process of drilling cuts the fatty deposits into small particles which are removed from the body naturally. This can be done followed by normal angioplasty(ballooning and stent placement).


Procedure

Angioplasty is performed while you are conscious, under local anesthesia with sedation in a cardiac cath lab. Sometimes this will make you uncomfortable, but not usually painful. The cardiac surgeon makes a small incision in the groin or arm and inserts a thin tube, called a catheter, into the coronary artery. The catheter contains a small balloon and a small wire tube, called a stent. Once the catheter positioned, a dye is injected and X-rays are taken, which tell the surgeon where exactly the blockages are and how narrow the artery is. This procedure is also known as an angiogram and it acts as a map for the doctor.

Doctors will blow-up the balloon, releasing the stent and pushing it against the artery wall. Once the procedure is complete, the cells that lined up the blood vessel will grow around the stent, holding it in place. This procedure usually lasts up-to 30 minutes and can vary up to several hours. Sometimes, people will have to come again to get their arteries redone because of renarrowing (restenosis) at the site of balloon inflation.



Are you a Candidate?

Your physician would recommend you to undergo an angioplasty if:

  • You are suffering from chest pain or breathe shortness due to CAD and medicines have fallen short to help.
  • You have significant blockages in one or maximum two coronary arteries or Heart Bypass is the procedure if the number or arteries involved or the blockages are multiple.
  • Everyone suffering from CAD or atherosclerosis is not a good candidate for Angioplasty. If you have multiple blockages or if you have weaker heart muscle or if narrowing in the main artery carrying blood to the heart, you may need a Coronary Artery Bypass Graft, or CABG commonly called open heart surgery.


Prevention

By following the advice below, individuals can lead healthier lives and minimize the risk of heart disease.

  • Eat healthy: Choose fruits and vegetables. Avoid processed foods and sugars
  • Maintain a healthy weight: The more you weigh, the harder the heart has to work
  • Engage in physical activity: Regular exercise helps make the heart stronger and decreases the risk of heart disease.
  • Control blood pressure: Blood pressure is an indication of the force applied in the arteries as the heart beats.
  • Manage stress: Researchers have discovered a relationship between cardiovascular disease and stress. Manage stress by practicing relaxation techniques, managing time and setting realistic goals.


Expected Results

The blood flow through narrowed and blocked arteries can be increased by Angioplasty. By doing exercise Angina gets decreased and Improves health. With appropriate changes in lifestyle and medications the improvement of health can be acquired. After a successful coronary angioplasty, no further surgery is usually necessary.


Recovery Timeline

After having Angioplasty you will get discharge from the hospital is usually 12 to 24 hours after the catheter is removed. Lots of patients are able to return to work or routine life within a few days to a week after the procedure.



Cost of Angioplasty

The cost of Angioplasty in India depends on the type of procedure, surgeon and the facility where you choose to get the surgery done. Enlisted below is the cost of Angioplasty in India.

SNo Name of Procedure Cost in India (USD)
1 Evaluation Package 500 - 1000
2 Angioplasty Procedure Cost 3000 - 3500


Why MedicoExperts?

We at MedicoExperts believe in assisting you to get well-being with complete information about Angioplasty procedure in India. Being thorough with all the benefits from the appropriate treatment option for Angioplasty, will help you make an informed choice.

We also provide you a platform for online video consultation so as to connect you with our chosen Cardiac surgeons in India at the best Cardiac hospital for all your concerns and queries regarding Angioplasty treatment. We assure you hassle free arrangements for your medical travel, evaluations, treatment, recover and stay in India. With the expertise of MedicoExperts, you can be rest assured about your complete safety, comfort and wonderful experience of medical tourism in India.

For more details and information, you may send your medical history and diagnostic reports to enquiry@medicoexperts.com. for a swift response from our team.

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