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Blood Cancer

Blood Cancer Treatment

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Blood Cancer Treatment

Blood cancer commonly known as hematological cancer is the cancer of the blood cells and the organs that produces blood.

Blood cancers can be classified into following 3 types:

  • Leukemia
  • Lymphoma
  • Multiple Myeloma

The above mentioned cancer types develop either in the bone marrow or the lymphatic tissue in the body which affects the production of blood cells and the immune response from the disease.

Leukemia is the most common type of blood cancer. It is cancer of white blood cell that starts in bone marrow, which is the production house of the blood cells including

  • WBCs that protect us from infections.
  • RBCs that carry and provide oxygen to all the parts of our body.
  • Platelets that help to clot the blood during injury.

In leukemia, the bone marrow produces copious abnormal white blood cells which tend to grow faster and invade other normal blood cells resulting in problems like bleeding, anemia and infections. It may invade the lymph nodes and surrounding organs producing symptoms.

Leukemia can be acute or chronic and have 4 main types.

  • Acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL)
  • Acute Myelogenous leukaemia(AML)
  • Chronic Myelogenous leukaemia(CML)
  • Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia(CLL)

Causes and Risk Factors of Blood Cancer

It is difficult to determine the exact cause, but as per the expert oncologist, there are several common suspected causes that may result in developing blood cancer.

  • Genetic predisposition
  • Down syndrome.
  • Exposure to artificial ionizing radiation
  • Infection by viruses like HIV and HTLV-1 (human T-lymohotropic virus)
  • Maternal fetal transmission

Treatment Options for Blood Cancer

There are various treatment options for blood cancer. The expert oncologist would suggest the best treatment for the patient as per the individual medical condition.

  • Chemotherapy: This is considered as the key treatment for blood cancer.
  • Radiation therapy: This is performed often in cases of localized disease. Radiation therapy aims to shrink the tumor which is compacting the crucial surrounding tissues.
  • Biological therapy: In this, body uses its own immune system to destroy cancer cell. Biological agents like interferon, interleukins, tumor necrosis factors, monoclonal antibodies and colony stimulating factors are used as special immune system cells to stimulate the body's immune system so as to destroy and kill the cancerous cells.
  • Bone marrow transplants: Commonly referred to as Stem cell transplant is the treatment of choice for most cases of leukemia and lymphomas. In this the damaged bone marrow is replaced with the new and healthy one from either a donor or from your own body.

Bone marrow transplant has 3 types.

  • Autologous BMT : In this, the stem cells are removed from your body before undergoing the chemotherapy or radiation therapy and are preserved. After the chemo or radiation they are put back in the body which produces normal blood cells.
  • Allogenic BMT : In Allogenic Bone marrow transplant, stem cells are taken from the donor whose genes should completely or partly match your genes. Your siblings can be the best match for you.
  • Umbilical cord blood transplant : During umbilical cord blood transplant, stem cells are taken from the umbilical cord (if preserved during patient’s birth).

Are you a Candidate?

Bone Marrow Transplant is a complex and extensive procedure which is recommended for the selected patients when other treatments have failed. Without BMT, there is higher risk of the condition to reciprocate. After thorough evaluationsation and assessment, if the benefits of the transplant outweigh the associated risks of the procedure, then only the procedure is advised and performed. To fulfill the candidacy for bone marrow transplant, the patient should have stem cells available from siblings, parents or any other family member with the same tissue type.

Cost of Blood Cancer Treatment

India is one of the most affordable places for cancer treatment across the globe. The cost of blood cancer treatment in India is less than a one sixth of what it costs in western countries to get the same treatment done.

Here's a look at the approximate costs of Blood Cancer Treatment in India:

Sr No Name of Procedure Cost in India (USD)
1 Cancer Evaluation Package 800 - 1200
2 PET Scan 300 - 500
3 Chemotherapy 1000 - 1500 per cycle
4 Radiation Therapy 3500 - 5500
5 Immunotherapy 1500 - 2500
6 Allogenic Bone Marrow Transplant with Matched Sibling 22,000 - 37,500
7 Haplo-Identical Bone Marrow Transplant 36,000 - 50,000
8 Unrelated Bone Marrow Transplant 65,000 - 90,000

Expected Outcomes and Results

Bone marrow transplant is a life-saving procedure. The outcomes and results of bone marrow transplant have improved over the years now. A successful transplant helps save the life of a person which was otherwise not possible.

Recovery Timeline

Recovery after Bone Marrow Transplant is long and tiresome, both physically and emotionally for the patient and family. Initial 3 months are critical enough for the recovery of the patients and they needs complete monitoring during this span since there are high chances of complications and risk of rejection of the transplant. Patient may complain of feeling fatigued, weak and is unable to concentrate for first few weeks post-surgery, however full recuperation may take up-to 1-2 years. An estimated stay of around 2-3 months are required in India for the bone marrow transplant surgery and complete recovery, post which the patient can fly back to his/her country.

Why MedicoExperts?

We at MedicoExperts believe in assisting you to get well-being with complete information about blood cancer treatment in India. Being thorough with all the benefits from the appropriate treatment option for cancer, will help you make an informed choice.

We also provide you a platform for online video consultation so as to connect you with our chosen top oncologists in India at the best blood cancer hospital in India for all your concerns and queries regarding cancer treatment. We assures you hassle free arrangements for your medical travel, evaluations, treatment, recover and stay in India. With the expertise of MedicoExperts, you can be rest assured about your complete safety, comfort and wonderful experience of medical tourism in India.

For more details and information, you may send your medical history and diagnostic reports to enquiry@medicoexperts.com for a swift response from our team.

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