Blood cancer commonly known as hematological cancer is the cancer of the blood cells and the organs that produces blood.
Blood cancers can be classified into following 3 types:
The above mentioned cancer types develop either in the bone marrow or the lymphatic tissue in the body which affects the production of blood cells and the immune response from the disease.
Leukemia is the most common type of blood cancer. It is cancer of white blood cell that starts in bone marrow, which is the production house of the blood cells including
In leukemia, the bone marrow produces copious abnormal white blood cells which tend to grow faster and invade other normal blood cells resulting in problems like bleeding, anemia and infections. It may invade the lymph nodes and surrounding organs producing symptoms.
Leukemia can be acute or chronic and have 4 main types.
It is difficult to determine the exact cause, but as per the expert oncologist, there are several common suspected causes that may result in developing blood cancer.
There are various treatment options for blood cancer. The expert oncologist would suggest the best treatment for the patient as per the individual medical condition.
Bone marrow transplant has 3 types.
Bone Marrow Transplant is a complex and extensive procedure which is recommended for the selected patients when other treatments have failed. Without BMT, there is higher risk of the condition to reciprocate. After thorough evaluationsation and assessment, if the benefits of the transplant outweigh the associated risks of the procedure, then only the procedure is advised and performed. To fulfill the candidacy for bone marrow transplant, the patient should have stem cells available from siblings, parents or any other family member with the same tissue type.
India is one of the most affordable places for cancer treatment across the globe. The cost of blood cancer treatment in India is less than a one sixth of what it costs in western countries to get the same treatment done.
Here's a look at the approximate costs of Blood Cancer Treatment in India:
|Sr No||Name of Procedure||Cost in India (USD)|
|1||Cancer Evaluation Package||800 - 1200|
|2||PET Scan||300 - 500|
|3||Chemotherapy||1000 - 1500 per cycle|
|4||Radiation Therapy||3500 - 5500|
|5||Immunotherapy||1500 - 2500|
|6||Allogenic Bone Marrow Transplant with Matched Sibling||22,000 - 37,500|
|7||Haplo-Identical Bone Marrow Transplant||36,000 - 50,000|
|8||Unrelated Bone Marrow Transplant||65,000 - 90,000|
Bone marrow transplant is a life-saving procedure. The outcomes and results of bone marrow transplant have improved over the years now. A successful transplant helps save the life of a person which was otherwise not possible.
Recovery after Bone Marrow Transplant is long and tiresome, both physically and emotionally for the patient and family. Initial 3 months are critical enough for the recovery of the patients and they needs complete monitoring during this span since there are high chances of complications and risk of rejection of the transplant. Patient may complain of feeling fatigued, weak and is unable to concentrate for first few weeks post-surgery, however full recuperation may take up-to 1-2 years. An estimated stay of around 2-3 months are required in India for the bone marrow transplant surgery and complete recovery, post which the patient can fly back to his/her country.
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