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Brain Tumor Treatment

Brain Tumor Treatment

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Overview

A brain tumor is a mass or growth of abnormal cells in brain. It occurs when abnormal cells form within the brain. Brain tumors can be of 2 types: malignant or cancerous tumors and benign tumors. Further brain tumors can be divided into Primary Tumors (which start within the brain), and Secondary or Metastatic Tumors (which begin in other parts of your body and spread to brain).

How quickly a brain tumor grows varies greatly and depends on many factors. The growth rate and the location of brain tumor determines how it will affect the function of nervous system. All types of brain tumors produce symptoms that vary depending on the part of the brain involved.

Brain tumors may grow from pituitary gland (craniopharyngioma or pituitary adenoma), nerves (neuroma), dura (meningioma). They may also grow from the brain tissue itself (glioma). As they grow, they may compress normal tissue and cause various symptoms.

Brain tumor treatment options depend on the type of brain tumor, as well as its size and location. Treatment goals may focus on relieving symptoms or be curative.



Types of Brain Tumors

  • Acoustic neuroma
  • Astrocytoma
  • Brain metastases
  • Choroid plexus carcinoma
  • Craniopharyngioma
  • Embryonal tumors
  • Ependymoma
  • Glioblastoma
  • Glioma
  • Medulloblastoma
  • Meningioma
  • Oligodendroglio
  • Pediatric brain tumors
  • Pineoblastoma
  • Pituitary tumors


Risk Factor

Medical science neither knows the causes of brain tumors nor how to prevent primary tumors that start in the brain. But there are certain factors that increase the risk of brain tumors, which include: -

  • Cancer else where in the body
  • Prolonged exposure to pesticides, industrial solvents, and other chemicals
  • Inherited diseases, such as neurofibromatosis
  • Exposure to ionizing radiation
  • Family history of brain tumors


Signs and Symptoms

The signs and symptoms of a brain tumor vary greatly and depend on the size, location and rate of growth of tumor. Some tumors cause direct damage by invading brain tissue and some tumors may cause pressure on the surrounding brain. General symptoms include:

  • New onset or change in pattern of headaches
  • Headaches that gradually become more frequent and more severe
  • Unexplained nausea or vomiting
  • Vision problems, such as blurred vision, double vision or loss of peripheral vision
  • Gradual loss of sensation or loss of movement in an arm or a leg
  • Difficulty with balance
  • Speech difficulties
  • Confusion in everyday matters
  • Personality or behavior changes
  • Seizures, especially in someone who doesn't have a history of seizures
  • Hearing problems


Diagnosis

If one has symptoms that suggest a brain tumor, doctor will do a physical exam and ask about personal and family health history. One may also have to undergo one or more of the following tests :

  • Neurological examination : Checking eye, vision, hearing, alertness, muscle strength, coordination, and reflexes.
  • MRI : MRI can show abnormal areas in brain, such as a tumor
  • CT scan
  • Angiogram
  • Spinal tap
  • Biopsy : Biopsy is the removal of tissue to look for tumor cells. A biopsy can show cancer, tissue changes that may lead to cancer, and other conditions. Biopsy is the only sure way to diagnose a type of brain tumor, learn what grade it is, and plan treatment.


Treatment

There are several treatment options for Brain Tumors. The options include surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Many people might require a combination of treatments. The choice of treatment depends mainly on the following:

  • Type and grade of brain tumor
  • Location of brain tumor
  • Size of brain tumor
  • Patient’s age and general health


Brain Tumor Surgery

Surgery is usually the first treatment option for most brain tumors. The most common types of surgery performed for brain tumors are:

1) Craniotomy
Craniotomy is an operation in which a surgeon removes a piece of the skull over the tumor. They carefully remove part or all of the tumor and replace the piece of skull. Some of this operation may be done while you are awake so the surgeon can check your speech and movement.

2) MRI Guided Laser Ablation
MRI-guided laser ablation is a minimally invasive neurosurgical technique for a number of diseases, including brain tumors. This treatment involves using lasers to target and destroy the tumor. This procedure can help surgeons address the most serious brain tumors, including glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) and brain tumors that are located close to sensitive structures in the brain, making them hard to access through traditional open surgery (craniotomy). This technique can reduce pain after surgery and shorten recovery time compared to that associated with craniotomy.

3) Minimally Invasive Endonasal Endoscopy (endonasal endoscopic surgery)
This surgery allows surgeon to remove tumors or lesions through nose and sinuses. It allows them to access parts of the brain without making an incision. The procedure involves the use of an endoscope. Surgeon can use this technique for tumors on the pituitary gland, tumors on the base of the skull, and tumors growing at the bottom part of the brain.

4) Minimally Invasive Neuroendoscopy
Neuroendoscopy uses endoscopes to remove brain tumors. Surgeon may make small, dime-sized holes in the skull to access parts of the brain during this surgery.

5) Biopsy
This procedure is used to remove a small amount of brain tissue or a tumor so it can be examined under a microscope. This involves a small incision and hole in the skull.


In few of the surgeries, patient may be awake when the surgeon removes part or all of the brain tumor or patient may be given general anesthesia. Patient may be asked to move a leg, count, say the alphabet, or tell a story. His ability to follow these commands helps the surgeon protect important parts of the brain.

In some cases, surgery isn't possible. If the tumor is in the areas like brain stem or certain other areas, the surgeon may not be able to remove the tumor without harming normal brain tissue. In such cases other treatment options are considered like radiation therapy and chemotherapy.



Expected Results

After brain tumor surgery, it will take time for the patient to return to his/her usual level of energy. One may have a headache or feel uncomfortable for the first few days. However, medicines can usually control pain. Regular checkups may be required post-surgery. Extra rest would be required for healing. The amount of time required to recover after brain tumor surgery is different for each person and depends on:

  • The procedure used to remove the brain tumor
  • The location of the tumor within the brain
  • Areas of the brain affected by the surgery
  • The patient’s age and overall health


Recovery

Brain tumor surgery can cause problems with thoughts, feelings and behaviors. After surgery, the patient may need help in recovering with physical therapists, occupational therapists and speech therapists. The recovery period may vary ranging from 4-6 weeks to approximately 6 months.



Cost Estimate

SNo Procedure Cost in India (USD)
1 Investigations 800 - 1000
2 Craniotomy or Open Brain Surgery 6000 - 8000
3 Minimally Invasive Endonasal Endoscopy 4500 - 5500
4 Minimally Invasive Neuroendoscopy 7500 - 9000


Why MedicoExperts?

At MedicoExperts, we understand the significance of your health and well-being. Our aim is to provide you the best options and outcomes for your treatment in India at our top associate hospitals. Our partner hospitals have the most advanced technology for Brain Tumor Surgery. We understand that while you choose to travel abroad for your treatment in India, you would surely look for cost savings and that is why we have special negotiated prices for you and offering you best possible prices for the top quality of facility and services.

We would also provide you end to end assistance for your medical trip to India and shall provide complete solution for your Brain Tumor Treatment - right from assisting you with the visa, hotel arrangements, airport pick up and drop, inland transfers, money exchange or sight-seeing and all other concierge services. We thus assure you hassle-free arrangements for evaluations, surgery, recuperation, stay and travel in India.

For more information and getting a tailor made treatment plan for your treatment in India, please mail us your medical history at enquiry@medicoexperts.com.

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