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Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer Treatment

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Breast Cancer Treatment

Breast cancer is the “most leading” and “life threatening” type of cancer that instigates in the breast tissue. It is affecting large number of women worldwide and is considered as the second leading cause of death in women in their 30s and 50s. In its early stage, breast cancer is very difficult to diagnose since it does not demonstrates any symptoms. The pain and discomfort in breast is also absent in the initial stage.

However, if you find any of the following changes in the breast, it may indicate the risk of presence of breast cancer.

  • Change in size and shape of the breast
  • Lump in the breast or axilla
  • Changes in the skin over the breast
  • Skin dimpling
  • Nipple abnormalities like nipple inversion
  • Blood stained single duct discharge

Just like other cancers, breast cancer can also spread and invade in the other breast. It may also spread and grow in other body parts though metastasis.

Staging of Breast Cancer

Stage 0: If the disease is localized to milk ducts.
Stage 1: If the cancer is less than 2 inches in size and is not spread anywhere with no involvement of lymph nodes.
Stage 2: When the cancer is

  • Less than 2 cm and spread to the axillary lymph nodes.
  • Between 2-5 cm with or without spreading to lymph node.
  • Larger than 5 cm and has not spread to axillary lymph nodes.

Stage 3: This is the locally advanced stage of breast cancer. Tumor is of any size and has spread to lymph nodes (stage 3A), or spread to skin, chest wall or internal mammary lymph nodes that are located beneath the breast (stage 3B).
Stage 4: When cancer is defined as tumor irrespective of size that has spread to other areas away from breast like bones, liver, lungs or brain.

Causes and Risk Factors of Breast Cancer

Following are the risk factors that can develop breast cancer in women.

  • More common in females over 50 years of age
  • Family history of cancer of ovaries
  • Women who did not bear child or who have delivered first baby after the age of 30
  • Females who starts menstruating at very young age before 12 years
  • Attaining menopause after 55 years
  • Dense breast tissue
  • Radiation treatment to chest before the age of 30
  • Smoking, alcohol consumption
  • Obesity
  • Intake of Oral Contraceptive Pills
  • Hormonal Replacement Therapy

Treatment Options for Breast Cancer

The treatment for breast cancer in India is advised on the basis of some key factors including the size and site of tumor, the extent to which it is spread, staging of the cancer, investigation results, age and generalized health of the patient.

Most common treatment options for breast cancer includes

  • Surgical intervention: Surgery for Breast cancer can be performed using two different approaches according to the stage of cancer and extent of its invasion.
    • Breast conserving surgery: The aim is to conserve as much breast tissue as possible by excising only the part of the tissue that is affected by cancer. Post-surgery, women may need radiation therapy and/or chemotherapy as a combination treatment for complete cure. The breast conserving surgery comprises of -
      • Partial Mastectomy
      • Lumpectomy
    • Breast removal surgery: In this, the entire breast is removed often followed by the reconstruction surgery so as to restore the normal appearance of the surgically removed breast. This procedure is known as Mastectomy. Breast reconstruction procedure however is subjective. This surgery can be performed using one of the following methods.
      • Simple mastectomy: Complete breast is removed sparing the axillary lymph nodes and tissue/ muscle underneath the breast.
      • Radical mastectomy: This is an extensive procedure performed by removal of entire breast with the axillary lymph nodes and pectoral muscle of the chest present under the breast.
      • Modified radical mastectomy: This is less invasive procedure in which the breast is removed along with the axillary lymph nodes.
  • Non-Surgical Interventions:
    • Chemotherapy: In this, the medication are given by injections to kill the cancer cells. This therapy has the side effect like hair loss, nausea, vomiting and sometimes infection as along with the cancer cells this can affect the normal healthy cells too.
    • Radiation therapy: It is often needed after the breast conservation surgery like partial mastectomy and lumpectomy in which radiations are used to destroy the cancerous cell in the breast and occasionally in the axilla and chest wall under the breast.
    • Hormonal therapy: Most often used for postmenopausal women in which cancer cells which have estrogen receptors are targeted and their growth is stopped using the estrogen blocking medications. It is usually done to enhance the chances of recovery and to allow the surgery to take place with success.
    • Biological therapy: This is given by injections which inhibits the growth of cancer cells and assist to kill them.

Are you a Candidate?

If your diagnostic reports indicated the signs of breast cancer and if you have been suffering from the above mentioned symptoms of breast cancer, then you should get in touch with the health advisor or expert oncologist and should consider treatment at the earliest.

Cost of Breast Cancer Treatment

India is one of the most affordable places for cancer treatment across the globe. The cost of Breast cancer treatment in India is less than a one sixth of what it costs in Western countries to get the same treatment done.

Top Oncology hospitals is India are equipped with the most advanced technology – including Cyberknife, Stereotactic Radiotherapy, Novalis Tx, Rapid Arc Radiation, Proton Beam Therapy, IGRT, IMRT, Linear Accelerator, Immunotherapy.

Here's a look at the approximate costs of cancer treatment in India:

Sr No Name of Procedure Cost in India (USD)
1 Cancer Evaluation Package 800 - 1200
2 PET Scan 300 - 500
3 Breast Cancer Surgery 3500 - 5000
4 Chemotherapy 1000 - 1500 per cycle
5 Radiosurgery 5000 - 10000
6 Immunotherapy 1500 - 2500

Expected Results and Outcome

Early detection can result is complete cure of breast cancer and the patient can lead a normal life after breast cancer treatment in India.

Recovery Timeline

The time required for breast cancer treatment in India depends on the stage and type of surgery chosen. If only surgery is required, about 2 weeks stay in India is enough. However, for chemotherapy and radiotherapy several weeks are required.

For surgery, patient will need hospitalization for 2-3 days. Breast conserving surgeries however need lesser stay at the hospital. There might be some pain and pinching sensation in the axillary region which will go off gradually.

Patient can resume daily activities within a period of 2 weeks after breast conservation surgery. However, following total mastectomy, complete recovery takes around 4 weeks. Recovery time is further extended if the reconstruction surgery is performed as well.

Patient may feel little tightness or stiffness in the skin of chest or axilla for some time, but these things improve gradually with time.

Why MedicoExperts?

We at MedicoExperts believe in assisting you to get well-being with complete information about breast cancer treatment in India. Being thorough with all the benefits from the appropriate treatment option for cancer, will help you make an informed choice.

We also provide you a platform for online video consultation so as to connect you with our chosen top oncologists in India at the best breast cancer hospital in India for all your concerns and queries regarding cancer treatment. We assure you hassle free arrangements for your medical travel, evaluations, treatment, recover and stay in India. With the expertise of MedicoExperts, you can be rest assured about your complete safety, comfort and wonderful experience of medical tourism in India.

For more details and information, you may send your medical history and diagnostic reports to enquiry@medicoexperts.com for a swift response from our team.

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