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Colon Cancer

Colon Cancer Treatment

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Colon Cancer Treatment

Colon is an one of the important part of digestive tract that connects the small intestine to rectum. It primarily works together with rectum and purposed for storage and management of waste products of the body. Cancer of Colon or Rectum is known as Colon Cancer which starts when mutation of the lining of walls of colon and rectum takes place. This usually begins in the form of polyps (abnormal growth of tissue that become precancerous at first and gradually becomes cancerous) in the intestine.

Signs and Symptoms of Colon Cancer :

Like other cancers, the symptoms of Colon Cancer too goes unnoticed in its earlier stage. However, at the later stage, following signs and symptoms are more obvious which warrants the immediate medical attention.

  • Change in the bowel habits like diarrhea, constipation
  • Change in stool consistency
  • Rectal bleeding or blood in the stool,
  • Gases
  • Abdominal pain
  • Discomfort

Staging of Colon Cancer

The colon cancer can be staged as follows.

  • Stage I: When cancer has started but confined to the inner lining of wall of the colon.
  • Stage II: When cancer has spread to the organs adjacent to the colon or rectum but has not invaded the lymph nodes.
  • Stage III: When cancer has spread to the lymph nodes but has not spread to distant organs of the body
  • Stage IV: When cancer has spread to lymph nodes and is carried to the distant organs through the lymphatic system.

Causes and Risk Factors of Colon Cancer

Though, determining the exact cause of colon cancer is difficult, but there are several risk factors that can increase the risk of developing colon cancer. Enlisted are few of them.

  • Increasing Age.
  • History of adenomatous polyps
  • Genetic inheritance
  • Any family history of colon cancer or polyps
  • Inflammation of the intestine as in ulcerative colitis, Crohn's disease
  • Dietary habits that includes intake of low fiber and high fat diet
  • Smoking, alcohol intake, diabetes
  • Overweight and obesity
  • Exposure to radiation therapy

Treatment Options for Colon Cancer

  • Surgery : The main objective of surgical intervention is to remove the colon or rectum or a part of it affected by the cancer, with or without the adjacent lymph nodes. One of the following approaches may be used for the surgery.
    • Polypectomy : Removal of the polyps which are small adenomatous growth that is present in the inner lining of the wall of colon.
    • Colectomy : Removal of the part or whole of the colon affected with cancer.
  • Chemotherapy : This therapy is used before the surgery in order to shrink the size of the tumor or after the surgery to eliminate the cancer cells, if left any. Chemotherapy is also given to slow down the advancing cancer and to relieve the symptoms in case of extensive cancer.
  • Radiation therapy : Involves delivery of high powered energy beam like protons or X-rays to specifically target cancer cells without or minimally affecting the normal healthy cells of the body. It can be used in combination with chemotherapy either before or after the surgery, or may be used for relieving the symptoms associated with cancer if the cancer is extensive and cure is not possible.

Are you a Candidate?

If your diagnostic reports indicated the signs of colon cancer and if you have been suffering from the above mentioned symptoms of colon cancer, then you should get in touch with the health advisor or expert oncologist at the earliest and should consider treatment at the earliest.

Cost of Colon Cancer Treatment

India is one of the most affordable places for cancer treatment across the globe. The cost of cancer treatment in India is less than a one sixth of what it costs in Western countries to get the same treatment done.

Here's a look at the approximate costs of cancer treatment in India:

Sr No Name of Procedure Cost in India (USD)
1 Cancer Evaluation Package 800 - 1200
2 PET Scan 300 - 500
3 Colon Cancer Surgery- Polypectomy 2800 - 4500
4 Colon Cancer Surgery- Colectomy 3000 - 5000
5 Chemotherapy 1000 - 1500 per cycle
6 Radiation Therapy 3500- 5500

Expected Outcome and Results

The results of colon surgery depend on the stage of cancer. If detected early, there is a good chance of complete recovery.

Recovery Timeline

Patient is required to be hospitalized for 3-4 days for surgery if indicated. Patient can expect return to normal activities after 3-4 weeks of the surgery. For colon cancer treatment, if only surgery is required, patient would need to stay in India for around 2 weeks. However, if chemotherapy and radiotherapy is also required, then an extended stay of around 2-3 months is required for complete treatment of colon cancer in India.

Why MedicoExperts?

We at MedicoExperts believe in assisting you to get well-being with complete information about colon cancer treatment in India. Being thorough with all the benefits from the appropriate treatment option for cancer, will help you make an informed choice.

We also provide you a platform for online video consultation so as to connect you with our chosen top oncologists in India at the best colon cancer hospital in India for all your concerns and queries regarding cancer treatment. We assure you hassle free arrangements for your medical travel, evaluations, treatment, recover and stay in India. With the expertise of MedicoExperts, you can be rest assured about your complete safety, comfort and wonderful experience of medical tourism in India.

For more details and information, you may send your medical history and diagnostic reports to enquiry@medicoexperts.com for a swift response from our team.

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