The Fallopian tubes also known as Uterine Tubes or Salpinges are female reproductive organs that connect the ovaries and the uterus. Fallopian tubes are thin tubes that are lined with delicate hair-like structures. These hairs work in both directions and carry a mature egg from an ovary to the uterus every month during ovulation. Fallopian tubes are very important in fertilization process. When an egg is fertilized by sperm, it moves through the tube to the uterus for implantation.
So when a fallopian tube is blocked, the passage for sperms to get to the egg, as well as the path back to the uterus for the fertilized egg is blocked. The reasons for blocked fallopian tubes may vary. Blocked fallopian tubes are one of the major causes of infertility among women and accounts for 40% cases of infertility.
Blocked fallopian tubes do not often present any symptoms other than difficulty in conceiving. Many women don’t know they have blocked tubes until they try to get pregnant and experience difficulty in conceiving. Some of the symptoms may be as listed below :
Fallopian tubes are usually blocked by a range of reasons, which include :
One can’t prevent many causes of blocked fallopian tubes, but one can always decrease the risk of sexual transmitted infections by practicing safe sex.
Blocked tubes are usually diagnosed with a specialized x-ray called as HSG or Hysterosalpingogram. This test involves placing a dye through the cervix using a tiny tube. Once the dye has been given, the doctor will take x-rays of pelvic area.In a normal case, the dye will go through the uterus, through the tubes, and spill out around the ovaries and into the pelvic cavity. If the dye doesn't get through the tubes, then one may have a blocked fallopian tube.
It is important to know that 15 percent of women may have a "false positive," where the dye does not get past the uterus and into the tube. The blockage may appear to be right where the fallopian tube and uterus meet. In such cases, the doctor may ask to repeat the test, or order a different test to confirm.
Other tests that may include are ultrasound, exploratory laparoscopic surgery, or hysteroscopy.
One may have either one tube blocked or both the tubes blocked. Treatment for both would be different. If one has one tube open and is otherwise healthy, she might be able to get pregnant without too much help. The doctor may give fertility drugs to increase the chances of ovulating on the side with the open tube. This is not an option if both tubes are blocked.
If adhesions between the tubes and ovaries are a few, then chances of getting pregnant after surgery are good. In cases of large amount of adhesions along with any male infertility issues, one might want to skip surgery. In such cases, IVF treatment may be the best option.
The most common complication of blocked fallopian tubes and the treatment treatment is ectopic pregnancy. If a fallopian tube is partially blocked, an egg may be able to be get fertilized with a sperm, but may get stuck in the tube. This may result in an ectopic pregnancy, which is a medical emergency.
Surgery in which part of the fallopian tube is removed, also increases the risk of ectopic pregnancy. Because of these risks, a doctor often recommends IVF instead of surgery for women with blocked fallopian tubes who are otherwise healthy.
|SNo||Name of Procedure||Cost in India (USD)|
|2||Cornual Cannulation||1800 - 2200|
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