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Fibroid

Fibroid Surgery in India

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UTERINE FIBROID

Fibroids are abnormal growths that develop in or on the uterus of a woman. It is clinically known as Uterine Leiomyomata.The fibroids are made up of groups of fibrous tissues and the muscle cells .The size of fibroids can vary from a very small as a pea to as large as 5 to 6 inches. The size of many of them remain same but others may grow as time passes.

The fibroids are typically benign, or noncancerous. Only once in every 1,000 smooth muscle tumors of the uterus can be cancerous. When a smooth muscle tumor is cancerous, it is called Leiomyosarcoma

Uterine fibroids are classified based on exactly where they occur in the uterus.

  • Myometrial : Fibroids grow in the muscle wall of the uterus.
  • Submucosal : Fibroids grow just under the surface of the uterine lining.
  • Subserosal : Fibroids grow just under the outside lining of the uterus.
  • Pedunculated : Fibroids grow on a long stalk on the outside of the uterus or inside the uterus.

Symptoms

The women with uterine fibroids generally do not have any symptoms. If the size of fibroid is large following symptoms can be seen:

  • Abdominal pain
  • Anemia
  • High flow of bleeding
  • Pain during intercourse, depending on the location of the fibroid
  • May increase risk of infertility
  • Miscarriages
  • Premature Labour

Causes

The exact cause of uterine fibroids is not known. But genetic abnormalities, abnormalities in the vascular (blood vessel) system, and tissue response to injury have all been suggested to play a role in the development of fibroids. Family history and hormones made in the ovaries— such as estrogen and progesterone is a key factor, of fibroids developing in women.


Diagnosis

  • Bigger fibroids can be diagnosed by doing the pelvic examination by the doctors.
  • Smaller ones can be picked up by doing Ultrasound or CT scans.
  • Saline infusion sonography is used to distinguish Fibroids from other lesions. In this diagnosis the salt water is injected into the womb to help provide clear ultrasound images.

Treatment Options

Asymptomatic fibroids do not require treatment. Patients should be reevaluated periodically (6 to 12 months).

Symptomatic fibroids may require surgery but should be first managed by medical options for the suppression of ovarian hormones to stop the bleeding.

  • Medical management : Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) or other drugs for temporary relief of minor symptoms
  • Surgery : Myomectomy (to preserve fertility) or Hysterectomy for symptomatic fibroids

Procedure

Myomectomy is a surgical procedure for removing the fibroids from the wall of the uterus. This procedure can be performed in a number of ways, depending on the location and number of lesions. The types of Myomectomy surgeries are:

  • Laparotomy Myomectomy

    The patient will have full abdominal incision, either vertically or horizontally and the lesion(s) removed. The open approach is usually preferred for larger lesions.

    Recovery Time : After surgery takes six to eight weeks.

  • Laparoscopy Myomectomy

    The uterus of patient is visualized and its are fibroids located and removed. This procedure has the lower morbidity rates and faster recovery than laparotomic myomectomy.

    Recovery Time : After surgery takes four to six weeks.

  • Hysteroscopy Myomectomy

    A fibroid that is located in a submucous position ( protruding into the endometrial cavity) may be accessible to hysteroscopic removal. This may apply primarily to smaller lesions. However, larger lesions have also been treated by hysteroscopy.

    Recovery Time : After surgery takes just few days.



Hysterectomy is a surgical procedure for removing the uterus

  • Laparoscopic Hysterectomy

    Small incisions are made on the lower abdomen of the patients. The abdomen is then filled with carbon dioxide and a small camera with laparoscope and small instruments are introduced for the surgery.

    Recovery Time : After surgery takes less than two weeks.

  • Vaginal Hysterectomy

    The procedure is performed through the vagina for the removal of uterus and fibroid.

    Recovery Time : After surgery takes two weeks.

  • Abdominal Hysterectomy

    When the size of fibroids are too large for minimally invasive methods than this traditional horizontal incision is done to remove the uterus and fibroids.

    Recovery Time : After surgery takes six to eight weeks.


Expected Results

Almost 90 % of the patients have significant relief of symptoms such as abdomen pain, heavy bleeding etc. Hysterectomy is a permanent treatment where uterus is removed and there are no chances of having fibroids after that. The flip side is that the woman cannot get pregnant after hysterectomy. Myomectomy has good results with resolution of all symptoms. Chances of recurrence of fibroids are different for different patients and have to be discussed with the doctor.


Fibroid Surgery Cost in India :

SNo Name of Procedure Cost in India (USD)
1 Investigations 500 - 1000
2 Myomectomy 3000 - 4500
3 Hysterectomy 4000 - 4500

Why MedicoExperts?

India is a preferred medical destination because of the expert doctors and the good medical infrastructure availability. We MedicoExperts educate about uterine fibroids symptoms and share the various options for the uterine fibroids treatment in India.

MedicoExperts patient care manager will carefully plan and organize all your medical procedures at the best fibroid removal treatment hospital in India and encourage making timely decision .We assure you to bring in a wonderful experience of Medical Tourism in India.

For more information and for getting free quote for Fibroid treatment and surgery cost in India, please contact us at enquiry@medicoexperts.com. MedicoExperts has helped hundreds of patients from over 15 countries and has emerged as the renowned name for facilitating the best and affordable options for various medical treatments in India. We would be happy to assist you!