Heart Valve Replacement is the surgery which is performed to replace one or more valves in the heart with an artificial valve or the bio prosthesis valve. This procedure is usually indicated in medical conditions like heart valvular disease. Valvular disease of the heart is the medical condition in which the heart valve or valves do not function properly as it does normally. Basically, there are four important valves in the heart that functions to keep the unidirectional flow of the blood. Sometimes, some of these valves may not work properly owing to certain medical conditions, which eventually affect the blood flow to the heart thereby causing disruption of the overall health of a person.
The treatment for heart valve disease is subjected to the severity of valve disease and the type. The treatments thus advised in such cases are Heart Valve repair or Heart Valve replacement.
There are four valves which include mitral valve, tricuspid valve, pulmonary valve and aortic valve. Each valve has flaps (leaflets or cusps) that open and closes once during each heartbeat. The patient may have Heart Valve problemsince birth (congenital)where as in adults it can be acquired at any age due due to many causes and conditions, such as infections and other heart conditions. Heart Valve Repair or Replacement can also be done in heart conditions like Calcification of the valves, Syphilis Infective endocarditis, Angina, Rheumatic valve disease, Cardiomyopathies, Aortic aneurysm etc.
The surgery advised for Valve damage is Valve repair surgery or Valve replacement surgery.
Heart Valve Repair : Heart valve repair is a surgical technique performed to repair and close defects in heart valves in valvular heart diseases. Also this technique provides a substitute to valve replacement.
Heart Valve Replacement : The replacement of one or more of the heart valves with either an artificial heart valve or a bio-prosthesis is called Valve Replacement. This is also an alternate surgery performed to valve repair. Heart Valve Replacement Surgery is further classified into 3 types depending on the diagnosis and type of valve involved. They are
In valve replacement the tissues are used from either animal or human donor.
Valve replacement surgery is performed under general anaesthesia and the duration for this surgery is four to five hours.
The surgery is done either as an open-heart surgery where in the patient is placed on a machine which is called heart lung machine or some times without using the heart machine; that is the surgery is done on beating heart during which the heart beats are usually alteredbut considered as normal.
Once the doctor starts the surgery the incision is given to separate the breastbone and the ribs, after which the surgeon exposes the heart and finds the defective valve. The ends nearby the valve are marginally carved so that it loosens it from the tendons which connect the remaining heart after which the valve are removed easily. Followed by this, insertion of new valve is done and enclosed in the place.
Once the whole process is done the bypass machine is removed and the chest is stitched.
The Valve Replacement Surgery is indicated in the below mentioned conditions :
The factors that can help you from preventing heart stenosis are by doing exercise, a heart-healthy diet, and medicines that lowers cholesterol. You can also have other heart-healthy lifestyle changes, and medicines aimed at preventing a heart attack, high blood pressure, or heart failure also may help.
Following are the tips to reduce your risk of Valvular Heart Disease:
The outcome expected from Valve Replacement Surgery is exceptional with a rewarding result. Post-surgery the patients are expected to get back in their normal activities along with the improvement in palpitations, improvement in breathing and fainting spells.
Post-surgery the patient is kept in high dependency unit or ICU for monitoring the condition of the patient and then shifted to the normal room/wardonce the vitals are stable. In order to improve the blood circulation and for quick recovery the patient is directed to start walking as soon as possible followed by the cardiac rehabilitation to regain strength.
The estimated cost for the surgery is as below:
|SNo||Name of Procedure||Cost in India (USD)|
|1||Aortic Valve Replacement||6000 – 7000|
|2||Mitral Valve Replacement||7000 – 8000|
|3||Double Valve Replacement||10000 – 12000|
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For more information and getting a tailor made treatment plan for your Heart Valve Replacement in India, please mail us your medical history at email@example.com.