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Hepatology is the branch of medicine that incorporates the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas as well as management of their disorders. Although traditionally considered a sub-specialty of gastroenterology, rapid expansion has led in some countries to doctors specializing solely on this area, who are called hepatologists.

Diseases and complications related to viral hepatitis and alcohol are the main reason for seeking specialist advice. More than 2 billion people have been infected with Hepatitis B virus at some point in their life, and approximately 350 million have become persistent carriers.Up to 80% of liver cancers can be attributed to either hepatitis B or Hepatitis C virus. In terms of mortality, the former is second only to smoking among known agents causing cancer. With more widespread implementation of vaccination and strict screening before blood transfusion, lower infection rates are expected in the future. In many countries, though, overall alcohol consumption is increasing, and consequently the number of people with cirrhosis and other related complications is commensurately increasing.


Alcoholic Liver Disease, Hemochromatosis, Hepatocellular Carcinoma (Liver Cancer), Liver Transplant Workup, Portal Hypertension, Viral Hepatitis A & E, Viral Hepatitis B, Viral Hepatitis C

Diet advice, Oral medication – tablets or liquid medicines, Anticoagulation therapy, Intramuscular injections (for example, vitamin B12 injections), Blood transfusion (for anemia), Platelet transfusion, Fresh Frozen Plasma transfusion, Cryoprecipitate transfusion, Venesection also known as therepeutic phlebotomy (for iron overload or polycythemia), Bone marrow transplant (for example, for leukemia), All kinds of anti-cancer chemotherapy, Radiotherapy (for example, for cancer),