Hip replacement surgery is also called as total hip arthroplasty. It is a surgical procedure to replace a worn out or damaged hip joint with an artificial joint or prosthesis.
The aim of hip replacement surgery is to replace the damaged parts of the hip joint in order to relieve hip pain that can’t be controlled by other treatments. It is usually done when all other treatment options have failed to provide adequate relief from pain. The procedure relieves a painful hip joint, making daily activities like walking easier.
In a healthy hip, ends of femur (thighbone) are covered by smooth cartilage. The cartilage also covers the socket (known as the acetabulum) in the pelvis into which the ball end of the femur fits. This cartilage allows the ball to glide easily inside the socket and acts as a cushion . The surrounding muscles support the joint, allowing it to move freely.
Sometimes, either the socket of the hip or the thighbone is injured or becomes diseased. This may result in pain, difficulty in doing everyday tasks like walking. One may have already tried pain relief methods such as medications, physical therapy, supports, or braces. If the pain is not relieved, doctor may recommend hip replacement surgery for the patient. Hip replacement surgery is used to replace the damaged ball-and-socket with new and durable artificial joint that mimic the ball-and-socket. This artificial joint helps in reducing pain and improve function.
Hip replacement surgery is a treatment for pain and disability in the hip. This surgery may be an option after a hip fracture or due to severe pain due of arthritis.
Types of arthritis that may affect the hip joint are:-
Other diseases leading to hip replacement surgery include avascular necrosis. It is a condition where the head of the femur loses some of its blood supply and dies. This may be caused by some disease, or a severe trauma, such as a dislocation or break, that may affect the blood supply to the bone. Hip replacement is sometimes used if a tumor grows in the hip joint.
Fractures of hips, broken hips, or some types of hip conditions that appear in childhood such as developmental dysplasia, congenital dislocation of hip and Perthes disease may also lead to degeneration many years after an injury and require the need for hip replacement surgery.
A hip replacement is a major surgery .If medical treatments like Physiotherapy, Medicines and Steroid Injections are not effectively controlling pain due to arthritis or fracture, hip replacement becomes an option. It is at the discretion of healthcare provider to recommend a hip replacement surgery depending on the medical history of the patient.
One also needs to be able to cope with a major operation and the rehabilitation afterwards.
An evaluation with an orthopaedic surgeon may consists of several components :
A hip replacement operation can be performed using either local or general anesthesia
The surgery may take up to 2 hours to complete. The steps are as follows:-
Antibiotics are usually given during and after the surgery to prevent the development of infection in the new joint.
Minimally invasive hip replacement appears to be as safe and effective as conventional surgery, with the added benefit of causing less post-operative pain.
Hip replacements generally has high success rates. In fact hip replacement is called as one of the most successful operations in medicine. Most people who have the procedure report significantly less hip pain and a greater ability to perform daily activities. For the majority of people who have hip replacement surgery, the procedure results in :
Hip Replacement Surgery requires about 5-7 days of hospital stay for proper recovery. It is important that one starts moving the new joint after surgery. Physical therapist helps with that and plans for exercise rehabilitation program. At home it is important to keep the surgical area clean and dry and follow the instructions of the healthcare provider.
Continues follow up with surgeon is also required in order to monitor the wear of the artificial joint. For full recovery few months may be required. High-impact activities like running or playing basketball may be o stressful on artificial joint. But in time swimming, hiking or riding a bike gets comfortable.
Techniques for hip replacement are evolving. Surgeons have developed less invasive surgical techniques, which reduce recovery time and pain. During minimally invasive hip replacement surgery, surgeon makes a smaller incision and requires a smaller area for surgery than during a traditional hip replacement surgery. This results in less cutting of the surrounding skin, muscle and other soft tissues. Minimally invasive techniques allow for an easier recovery in the shorter time and provide equal or better results in the long term.
India is one of the most affordable places for Hip Replacement Surgery across the globe. The cost of Hip Replacement in India is less than a one sixth of what it costs in Western countries to get the same treatment done.
Top Orthopaedic hospitals in India are equipped with the most advanced technology .Cost of Hip Replacement treatment without insurance is extremely high, which prompts people to travel to countries like India for their Hip Replacement Surgery. For people who are covered by insurance, but find the cost very high, also choose to travel to India for their treatment for the quality treatment at most affordable cost.
|Sr No||Name of Procedure||Cost in USD in India|
|1||Evaluation Cost||500 - 1000|
|2||Surgery Cost||4500 - 7500|
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