Every couple desire to start a family but in some cases they are unable to conceive due to infertility. They keep trying for years, anticipating successful conception without any treatment but the results are rather upsetting. There are numerous medical conditions that may contribute to infertility in both men and women. The signs and symptoms may differ in each case. Infertility is a very common problem and most of people consider this condition a taboo and are hesitant to talk about it. But thanks to the advancement in the medical technology, infertility can be treated successfully with several promising treatment options including In Vitro Fertilization (IVF).
In vitro fertilization, commonly called as IVF, is a type of assistive reproductive technology (ART) and is defined as a multifaceted series of procedures accustomed to treat infertility of genetic problems and assist couples with the conception of a child. In this, the mature eggs are collected from ovaries of a woman and fertilized by sperms in a specialized laboratory. This fertilized egg which is called as embryo is implanted in women’s uterus or it can be frozen for storage so as to use it for subsequent IVF cycles. It takes around two weeks for one cycle of IVF to complete. Depending on the couple’s condition, IVF can be done in the following variations-
IVF with your own eggs and your partner’s sperm
IVF with your own eggs and a donor sperm
IVF with donor eggs and your partner’s sperm
IVF with donor eggs and a donor sperm
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is an invasive treatment done to treat couples with infertility and who wants to have a baby. A couple may try the other less invasive treatment options for infertility before opting for IVF. These options comprises of fertility medications meant to increase production of eggs or IUI (Intrauterine Insemination) wherein sperms are placed directly in woman’s uterus during the ovulation period.
In some cases though, IVF can be considered as a primary treatment option for infertility. Besides, it can also be done if you or your partner is suffering from certain health conditions including the following.
Ovulation disruptions : Disturbance in the ovulation owing to infrequent, irregular or absent menstrual cycle results in lesser number of eggs available for fertilization.
Fallopian tube blockage or damage : Blockage or impairment in the fallopian tubes makes it difficult for an egg to get fertilized or for a fertilized embryo to propagate through tube to the uterus.
Premature Ovarian failure : It is termed as loss of normal ovarian function before women turns 40 years of age. In such cases, the ovaries fail to produce normal amount of estrogen hormone and to release matured egg regularly.
Uterine fibroids : These are the benign tumors present in the wall of the uterus and are most common in females in their 30's and 40's. Presence of fibroids may interfere with the implantation of fertilized embryo in the wall of uterus.
Endometriosis : This occurs with the uterine wall tissues starts growing outside the uterus thereby affecting the normal functioning of ovaries, fallopian tubes and uterus.
History of tubal sterilization or removal : Tubal ligation is a type of sterilization procedure wherein the fallopian tubes are either blocked or cut to permanently prevent pregnancy. In such cases, if the female wish to conceive, IVF can be an alternative solution rather than a tubal ligation reversal procedure.
Impaired sperm production or function: It becomes difficult for a sperm to fertilize an egg if the male semen has below average sperm concentration, poor mobility or abnormalities in size and shape of the sperm. In cases of abnormalities, the male need to be evaluated to determine if the underlying problems can be corrected.
Unexplained infertility : In cases where there has been no known cause of infertility in spite of doing all the evaluations, IVF can be the solution.
Fertility Preservation for cancer or other health issue : If women is diagnosed with cancer and is supposed to start the treatment like chemotherapy or radiation therapy which could harm her fertility, then IVF for fertility preservation may be an option. In this, women can have her eggs harvested from the ovaries and freeze it in an unfertilized state or as an embryo for future use.
As mentioned earlier, IVF is an effective type of assistive reproductive technology (ART) which comprises of multifaceted series of procedures. There are six basic phases of an IVF cycle. Each phase has been explained in details below.
Phase 1 : Pituitary and Ovarian Suppression :
This phase of IVF may not be practiced in every case. The suppression of your pituitary gland and ovaries are done a month prior to your scheduled egg retrieval. In this, the fertility specialists use oral contraceptive pills shots to down-regulate your natural hormonal flow and take control of your ovarian stimulation with injectable fertility medications. By suppressing your pituitary and ovaries, we can minimize the formation of naturally occurring ovarian cysts. Also, the Follicle Stimulating Hormonal and Luteinizing Hormonal receptors on ovaries become more sensitive and thus require less injectable fertility medications to stimulate them.
Phase 2 : Ovarian Stimulation :
Normally, a woman produces one egg during each menstrual cycle. However, for IVF we need multiple eggs since it increases the chances of developing a viable embryo. In order to achieve that, during the stimulation phase, a woman will be give daily injections of fertility medications for 9 to 11 days. This will boost the egg production and enables the ovaries to produce several eggs in one cycle. During this period, the fertility specialist will perform regular blood investigations and ultrasound so as to monitor the production of eggs and to determine the perfect time to retrieve them.
Phase 3 : Egg Retrieval :
Egg retrieval also known as follicular aspirations is small surgical procedure performed under anesthesia. Under the guidance of ultrasound, the surgeon will pass a thin needle through the upper portion of vagina into your ovary and into an egg-containing follicle. This needle will then aspirate the eggs and fluid out of each follicle. The recovery after this procedure is usually rapid and you will be monitored for next 1 hour after the procedure before going home. Some women may experience mild cramping on the day of retrieval which usually subsides by the evening of retrieval.
Phase 4 : Fertilization of eggs and sperm
In this phase, semen sample is taken from the male. The eggs are identified and isolated from the follicular fluid and placed in an incubator. Later, these eggs are fertilized with sperm either by conventional insemination or Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI).
Conventional Insemination : In this the sperm retrieved from male partner is placed into a specialized cultured solution with the egg and then stored in an environmentally controlled chamber for fertilization.
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) : In this, the embryologist picks up a single sperm under microscope and injects it directly into the egg cytoplasm using a small glass needle. This procedure is recommended in couples with poor quality sperm to achieve fertilization and successful pregnancy
Phase 5 : Embryo Culture :
This egg is then monitored to document fertilization. Once fertilized, the egg starts dividing and develops into an embryo. The embryologist keeps a close check on embryo to make sure it matures properly. On day two or three after fertilization, the embryos will be evaluated for blastocyst culture. The embryos are then grown for five or six days until they reach the blastocyst stage.
Phase 6 : Embryo Transfer :
This is a painless procedure in which the embryo is placed into the uterus through a highly specialized catheter under the guidance of ultrasound. No sedation is necessary for this procedure and is usually done 3-5 days after fertilization. After this embryo transfer, progesterone supplementation via injection or vaginal suppository will be given for next 10-12 days and a blood pregnancy test will be performed approximately 2 weeks after the egg retrieval date.
Phase 7 : Pregnancy Test and Early Obstetrical Care :
A successful pregnancy occurs when the embryo implants itself into uterine wall called as endometrium. This can take 6-10 days after embryo transfer phase. Then the initial pregnancy test is performed to determine if you are pregnant. Once the viability is confirmed, you will be referred the Obstetric and Gynecologist for appropriate prenatal care.
Are you a Candidate?
You can be considered for an IVF for getting pregnant if you have facing issues like ovulation disruptions, blocked fallopian tubes, endometriosis or uterine abnormalities. If your partner is also suffering from problems with sperm count and motility or if other fertility treatment have been unsuccessful, then you may be a good candidate for IVF treatment.
One cycle of IVF takes about 4-5 weeks to complete. The outcome of IVF varies considerably and depends on each couple’s reason for infertility. It also depends on the ages of the couple. Younger women usually have higher success rates.
IVF is an invasive treatment for infertility comprising of steps like ovulation induction, egg retrieval, sperm retrieval, fertilization and embryo transfer. One cycle of IVF takes about 4-5 weeks to complete.
Cost of Infertility Treatment in India
India is one of the most affordable places for IVF treatment across the globe. We certainly understand that if you have chosen to travel overseas for your IVF treatment, then you are indeed looking for cost effectiveness. When you speak about the best, MedicoExperts is the name you can trust on. Modern technology, State of the art hospitals, most coveted gynecologist and fertility specialists, excellent infrastructure at par with international standards, no language barrier, personalized attention, safe surgery and seamless travel are some of our zeniths which magnetizes individuals worldwide to get their Infertility treatment in India done through us.
We are thus committed to offer you the best possible and special negotiated prices for your IVF treatment without compromising on the quality of medical services and results. Here's a look at the approximate costs of IVF treatment in India:
||Name of Procedure
||Cost in India (USD)
||IVF Evaluation Package
||600 - 1000
||In Vitro Fertilization (IVF)
||In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) with Donor Egg
||4500- USD 7500
||In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) with Donor Sperm
||Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
Selecting a medical facility for your fertility treatment can be confusing, stressful and overwhelming. The choice you make will profoundly affect your future and chance for success, and therefore, it is very important that you spend time getting educated before making a choice.
At MedicoExperts, we understand the significance of your health and well-being. Our aim is to provide you the best options and outcomes for your IVF treatment in India at our top associate hospitals in India. Our success rates for IVF treatment put us on the top list in India, giving you the best chance of starting your family. We also understand that while you choose to travel abroad for your IVF treatment in India, you would surely look for cost savings and that is why we have special negotiated prices for you and offering you best possible prices for the top quality of facility and services.
We would also provide you end to end assistance for your medical trip to India and shall provide complete solution for your Infertility treatment- right from assisting you with the visa, hotel arrangements, airport pick up and drop, inland transfers, money exchange or sight-seeing and all other concierge services. We thus assure you hassle-free arrangements for evaluations, surgery, recuperation, stay and travel in India.
For more information and getting a tailor made treatment plan for your IVF treatment in India, please mail us your medical history at email@example.com