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Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer Treatment

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Lung Cancer Treatment

Lung Cancer is less common type of cancer in which the cancer cells invades the lungs, by destroying the healthy lung cells and impeding the normal functions of the lung. The lungs cancer often goes unnoticed in early stages as it hardly produces any symptoms. The advanced cancer may show up symptoms like blood in the cough, persistent cough, chest pain, hoarseness in the voice, recurrent chest infection etc.

Occasionally, the primary cancer may spread to other body parts through metastasis.

Lung Cancer can be classified into two main types:

  • Small cell lung cancer (SCLC): This type of cancer begins in the air tubes that spread to bronchi and affect entire lung tissue. It produces large tumors that can spread faster to other parts. This is usually seen in chronic and life time smokers. Further it has two sub-types.
    • Small cell carcinoma
    • Combined cell carcinoma
  • Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): These are the slow growing and larger type of cancers which makes us 85% of the all the lung cancer. It has following sub-types.
    • Squamous cell carcinoma
    • Adenocarcinoma
    • Large cell carcinoma

Staging of Lung Cancer

The staging of the lung cancer is essential in order to know the extent of the spread of disease and plan the treatment accordingly. Lung cancer is staged as follows:

  • Localized: When cancer is confined to lungs
  • Regional: When cancer has spread to lymph nodes in the chest
  • Distant: When cancer has spread to other parts of the body.

Causes and Risk Factors for Lung Cancer

Following are the risk factors that are responsible for developing the lung cancer.

  • Age: It has been observed that lung cancer mostly affects the older adults.
  • Smoking: Tobacco smoking is the leading cause of lung cancer. The longer you smoke tobacco, more are the chances of getting lung cancer.
  • Genetic Predisposition: If any of your immediate family members has had lung cancer, then the risk is higher that you may acquire the disease.
  • Exposure to carcinogens like asbestos, radon, arsenic, coal products, diesel exhaust, mustard gas etc. are likely to trigger the development of lung cancer over a period.
  • Past medical history of lung disease viz. TB, COPD, chronic bronchitis and emphysema.
  • Exposure to Ionising radiation

Treatment Options for Lung Cancer

The treatment for the lung cancer can either be curative in which the interventions are done to control the growth of the cancer, or it can be palliative, which aims to improve the quality of life by managing pain and associated symptoms.

Lungs cancer treatment in India at any stage particularly in early stage (stage I, II) and even stage III is more successful as minimally invasive surgery is done through VATS (video assisted thoracic surgery) that provides many advantages for the patient suffering from lung cancer.

  • Surgery: Surgery to treat lung cancer is considered as the gold standard. It is done to excise the cancerous tumor and the surrounding lung tissue when the disease is particularly localized. The recent advance in the surgical procedure has been made. The following procedures are now being performed by the surgeons using VATS that is video assisted thoracic surgery and robotic surgery.
    • Wedge resection or segmental resection: Done to remove the small part of the diseased lung.
    • Lobectomy:  Perform to remove the lobe of your lung if the cancer in extensive.
    • Pneumonectomy: Perform to remove the entire lung if the cancer has invaded all the lobes.
  • Chemotherapy: It comprises of specialized drugs that destroy the growing cancer cells. The drug may be injected intravenously or can be taken orally in the form of pills.
  • Radiation therapy: This uses high powered energy beams like X-ray or protons to kill the cancerous cells. Following radiation therapy most of the patients are relieved from the pain, obstruction in the airways, shortness of breath etc. It can be done using:
    • External radiation or
    • Brachytherapy (internal radiation)
  • Radiosurgery: The new innovation in radiation therapy is radiosurgery, which is used in very limited patients where tumors are small but undergoing surgery may prove harmful. In such cases, surgery is done using radiosurgery, in which high doses of radiation that are focused precisely on targeted cells in the lungs to kill the cancer cells without harming the nearby tissues.

Are you a Candidate?

If your diagnostic reports indicated the signs of lung cancer and if you have been suffering from the above mentioned symptoms of lung cancer, then you should get in touch with the health advisor or expert oncologist and should consider treatment at the earliest.

Cost of Lung Cancer Treatment

India is one of the most affordable places for cancer treatment across the globe. The cost of lung cancer treatment in India is less than a fraction of what it costs in western countries to get the same treatment done.

Top Oncology hospitals is India are equipped with the most advanced technology – including Cyberknife, Stereotactic Radiotherapy, Novalis Tx, Rapid Arc Radiation, Proton Beam Therapy, IGRT, IMRT, Linear Accelerator, Immunotherapy.

Cost of lung cancer treatment without insurance is extremely high, which prompts people to travel to countries like India for their cancer treatment. For people who are covered by insurance, but find the cost very high, also choose to travel to India for their treatment for the quality cancer treatment at most affordable cost.

Here's a look at the approximate costs of lung cancer treatment in India:

Sr No Name of Procedure Cost in India (USD)
1 Cancer Evaluation Package 800 - 1200
2 PET Scan 300 - 500
3 Lung Cancer Surgery 3500 - 7000
4 Chemotherapy 1000 - 1500 per cycle
5 Radiation Therapy 3500 - 5500
6 Radiosurgery 5000 - 10000

Expected Outcomes and Results

Minimally invasive surgery helps patient lead life with less pain after the surgery, better immunity and better chance of normal breathing and comparatively less time of recovery.

Recovery Timeline

The time required for Lungs Cancer Treatment in India depends upon the stage of cancer. Post-surgical recovery depends largely on type of surgery performed. After minimally invasive procedure, patient needs to be hospitalized for 3-4 days and can resume daily activities within 4-5 weeks after the surgery.

If only surgery is required, the patient would need 2-3 weeks for lungs cancer treatment in India. However, if radiotherapy and chemotherapy are also required, several weeks may be required.

Why MedicoExperts?

We at MedicoExperts believe in assisting you to get well-being with complete information about Lung Cancer Treatment in India. Being thorough with all the benefits from the appropriate treatment option for cancer, will help you make an informed choice.

We also provide you a platform for online video consultation so as to connect you with our chosen top oncologists in India at the best lung cancer hospital in India for all your concerns and queries regarding cancer treatment. We assure you hassle free arrangements for your medical travel, evaluations, treatment, recover and stay in India. With the expertise of MedicoExperts, you can be rest assured about your complete safety, comfort and wonderful experience of medical tourism in India.

For more details and information, you may send your medical history and diagnostic reports to enquiry@medicoexperts.com for a swift response from our team.

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