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Nose & Sinus Disorders

Nose & Sinus Disorders

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Our nose is important to our health. It is an organ of smell and a main passageway for air into and out of the lungs. The nose warms, moistens, and cleans the air before it enters the lungs. Nose also contains the nerve cells that help our sense of smell. When there is a problem with our nose, the whole body can suffer. For example, the stuffy nose of common cold can make it hard for us to breathe, sleep, or get comfortable. Nose and sinus disorders afflict millions of people, causing pain, fatigue, headache, breathing difficulties and loss of smell, among other symptoms.

The bones of the face around the nose contain hollow spaces called as paranasal sinuses. There are four groups of paranasal sinuses: the maxillary, ethmoid, frontal, and sphenoid sinuses. Sinuses helps in reducing the weight of the facial bones and skull while maintaining bone strength and shape. The air-filled spaces of the nose and sinuses also add resonance to our voice.

Because of its prominent position, the nose is vulnerable to injury, including fractures. Bacterial nasal infections, nosebleeds, objects inserted in the nose, and polyps also can affect the nose. The mucous membrane of the nose may become inflamed (rhinitis). This inflammation may spread to the lining of the sinuses (rhinosinusitis).


Below are some of the most common signs and symptoms for Nose and Sinus disorders: -

  • Runny Nose
  • Sneezing
  • Airway Issues/Difficulty Breathing/Mouth Breathing
  • Sinus Pressure
  • nasal-endoscopy
  • Nose Bleeds
  • Nasal Congestion/Nasal Itching and Rubbing
  • Dark Circles Under the Eyes
  • Loss of Sense of Smell and/or taste
  • nasal-endoscopy

Conditions Affecting the Nose and Sinuses

  • Allergic Rhinitis : - an inflammation of the membranes lining the nose
  • Sinusitis : - Sinusitis is often a chronic (ongoing) disease that includes the symptoms of nasal obstruction nasal drainage, decreased sense of smell, facial pressure, and frequent sinus infections. Allergies and related respiratory problems such as asthma can also be associated with chronic sinusitis. Sinusitis may or may not be associated with Polyp.
  • Nasal fractures: - Are also known as broken nose.
  • Inverting papilloma: - Benign tumours that form inside the nose.
  • Meningoencephalocele: - when the lining of brain and/or brain tissue protrude through an opening in the skull
  • Cerebrospinal fluid leaks
  • Deviated septum
  • Nasal obstruction
  • Nasal polyps
  • Nosebleeds
  • Sinus headaches
  • Smell and taste disorders
  • Turbinate hypertrophy


A thorough physical examination is needed to determine the cause of nose and sinus problems. 2 important evaluation tests are mentioned below: -

  • Nasal endoscopy: - In this procedure, a narrow tube fitted with a tiny camera (called an endoscope) is passed through both the nostrils. For comfort, nostrils will be treated with a topical anaesthetic. The endoscope will help identify any swelling or blockage. Tissue samples will be taken for any abnormal growths.
  • nasal-endoscopy
  • CT scan: - A computed tomography (CT) scan of sinuses also may be recommended, along with a culture of any fluids draining from the nose. Blood tests may be ordered depending on other medical conditions.
  • ct-scan


Treatment depends upon the condition, results of diagnostic tests, and overall medical condition. Various treatment options are listed below: -

  • Antibiotics: - Bacterial sinus infections are typically treated with antibiotics. Pain relievers and decongestants may be recommended for symptom management. In certain chronic (longstanding) cases, steroids either in the form of sprays or tablets (prednisone) may be recommended.
  • Allergy testing: - If allergies are involved, testing to identify the specific agent may be necessary, followed by ongoing medical treatments.
  • Image guided sinus surgery: - If the symptoms are persistent or polyps are present, and medical therapy has failed to result in improvement, image-guided sinus surgery may be recommended.
  • Functional endoscopic sinus surgery: - Many nose and sinuses conditions can be treated with a minimally invasive procedure known as functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS). The endoscope, equipped with a light source and tiny camera, makes it possible for surgeons to remove growths blocking the sinuses without facial incisions. FESS is also used to enlarge drainage pathways in the sinuses.
  • Balloon sinusplasty: - Balloon sinuplasty is done to dilate the sinuses in preparation for surgery. It is possible to perform some procedures in the physician's office without general anesthesia.


The recovery time will depend on the type of treatment and how invasive it is. For some simple conditions’ medication would be required. For invasive procedure the hospital recovery may take 1- 3 days. One can get back to daily activities very soon. For more invasive surgeries, one may need some more time to heal. Be sure to ask your doctor about what to expect during recovery from your surgery.

Cost Estimate

SNo Name of Procedure Cost in India (USD)
1 Investigations 500
2 Invasive Procedures 2000 - 3000

Why MedicoExperts?

At MedicoExperts, we understand the significance of your health and well-being. Our aim is to provide you the best options and outcomes for your treatment in India at our top associate hospitals. Our partner hospitals have the most advanced technology for the diagnosis and management of Nose and Sinus disorders. We understand that while you choose to travel for your treatment of Nose and Sinus disorders in India, you would surely look for cost savings and that is why we have special negotiated prices for you and offering you best possible prices for the top quality of facility and services.

We would also provide you end to end assistance for your medical trip to India and shall provide complete solution for your treatment - right from assisting you with the visa, hotel arrangements, airport pick up and drop, inland transfers, money exchange or sight-seeing and all other concierge services. We thus assure you hassle-free arrangements for evaluations, surgery, recuperation, stay and travel in India.

For more information and getting a tailor-made treatment plan for your Nose and Sinus Disorders in India, please mail us your medical history at enquiry@medicoexperts.com.

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