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Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer Treatment

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Prostate Cancer

Prostate cancer is the most common type of cancer affecting men and can be treated completely with the help of multiple treatment options like surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy. Prostate gland is the tiny walnut sized gland present in males in between the bladder and genital organs. It helps in producing seminal fluids which protect and nurture the sperms and helps in to transport the sperms during ejaculation.

The prostate cancer typically advances slowly and often confined to prostate gland. However, some prostate cancers may need quick attention and aggressive treatment for complete cure. Early detected prostate cancer that is confined to the gland itself has good chances of complete cure.

Signs and Symptoms of Prostate Cancer

In early stages, Prostate cancer may not show any signs and symptoms. However, more advance cases may produce symptoms like.

  • Stage I: When cancer is confined to small area of prostate gland and cells are not at all aggressive.
  • Stage II: When cancer is small but aggressive or when the cancer is large and may have spread to both the prostate glands.
  • Stage III: When cancer has advanced beyond the prostate and affecting seminal vesicles and surrounding tissues.
  • Stage IV: When cancer has advanced to nearby organs including urinary bladder, bones, lymph nodes, lungs or other organs.

Causes and Risk Factors

The exact cause of prostate cancer is still unknown but there are certain identified risk factors that may cause prostate cancer. These include.

  • Age: The risk of getting prostate cancer increases with the advancing age
  • Obesity: Obese patients tends to develop more advance cancer
  • Race: Black men are at higher risk of getting prostate cancer
  • Family history: Person may me at higher risk if they have a family history of prostate cancer

Treatment Options for Prostate Cancer

Depending on the size and location of the cancer, the prostate cancer can be treated with following options

  • Surgery:  Radical prostatectomy is the surgery of choice done to excise the entire prostate and the adjacent tissues including seminal vesicles and lymph nodes that contains cancer. Following are the different approaches used for prostatectomy;
    • Radical prostatectomy: Traditional open surgery to remove the prostate gland.Laparoscopic prostatectomy: A minimally invasive surgery in which prostate is removed through small incisions in the abdomen with the help of laparoscope.
    • Robot assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy:  This surgery is gaining immense popularity as it more precise, less traumatic and minimally invasive procedure. The most popular robotic prostatectomy includes the da Vinci surgical systems which aids to provide dexterity, precision and advanced visualization compared to open and laparoscopic surgery. Using da vinci robotic prostatectomy the surgery can be done through and incision as small as 1-2 cm.
    • Nerve sparing prostatectomy: Performed when the cancer is connected with the nerves to maintain the normal function and structure of the nerve.
  • Radiation Therapy: High intensity energy is used to destroy the cancerous cells. It can be given in 2 ways.
    • External beam radiation therapy: Radiation from outside the body is focused on prostate gland using high powered energy beams like protons or X-ray.
    • Brachytherapy: Radiation is delivered from inside the body. It involves placement of radioactive seeds which are rice-sized that emit the low dose of radiation for long period. The seeds are implanted in the prostate using ultrasound guided needle.
  • Hormone therapy: This aims at inhibiting the production of testosterone that may stop the growth of the cancer cells or may cause them to die. This therapy includes.
    • LH-RH (luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone) agonists to stop the production of testosterone.
    • Anti-androgens to block the testosterone to reach the cancer cells.
  • Chemotherapy: It is used to destroy the rapidly growing cancer cells by using injectable drugs. It is the treatment of choice for the men whose cancer has advanced to other areas of the body or for the men who have not responded well to the hormone therapy.
  • Biological therapy: Also known as immunotherapy in which your own body's immune system is made to fight the cancer. In this some of your immune cells are taken and genetically modified in the lab and are injected back in your body to fight the cancer cells.

Are you a Candidate?

Ideally, the Prostate Cancer Surgery is recommended for men who are younger than age 75 with localized prostate cancer and who are who are expected to live at least 10 more years and are otherwise in good health.

Cost of Prostate Cancer Treatment

India is one of the most affordable places for cancer treatment across the globe. The cost of prostate cancer treatment in India is less than a one sixth of what it costs in Western countries to get the same treatment done.

Top Oncology hospitals is India are equipped with the most advanced technology – including Cyberknife, Stereotactic Radiotherapy, Novalis Tx, Rapid Arc Radiation, Proton Beam Therapy, IGRT, IMRT, Linear Accelerator, Immunotherapy.

Cost of Prostate cancer treatment without insurance is extremely high, which prompts people to travel to countries like India for their cancer treatment. For people who are covered by insurance, but find the cost very high, also choose to travel to India for their treatment for the quality cancer treatment at most affordable cost.

Here's a look at the approximate costs of prostate cancer treatment in India:

Sr No Name of Procedure Cost in India (USD)
1 Cancer Evaluation Package 800 - 1200
2 PET Scan 300 - 500
3 Radical Prostatectomy Surgery 4900 - 5800
4 Robotic Assisted Prostatectomy Surgery 6000 - 8500
5 Chemotherapy 1000 - 1500 per cycle
6 Radiation Therapy 3500 - 5500
7 Immunotherapy 1500 - 2500
8 Hormone Therapy 2000 - 3500
6 Radiofrequency Ablation 3500 - 5500

Expected Results and Outcome

In locally spread prostate cancer, outcomes of radical prostatectomy are quite good. In such cases, patient has 85% chance of surviving 10 years after radical prostatectomy.

However, if cancer is advance and has spread to the other parts, other treatment including radiation therapy would be required.

Recovery Timeline

The patient requires hospitalization of around 3-4 days post-surgery. The patient can resume routine activities in about two weeks post-surgery. Strenuous activities, sexual activities need to wait for 8-10 weeks and may take months to return to its maximum level.

A regular follow up is mandatory after radical prostatectomy to make sure that cancer does not recur.

Why MedicoExperts?

We at MedicoExperts believe in assisting you to get well-being with complete information about prostate cancer treatment in India. Being thorough with all the benefits from the appropriate treatment option for cancer, will help you make an informed choice.

We also provide you a platform for online video consultation so as to connect you with our chosen top oncologists in India at the best prostate cancer hospital in India for all your concerns and queries regarding cancer treatment. We assure you hassle free arrangements for your medical travel, evaluations, treatment, recover and stay in India. With the expertise of MedicoExperts, you can be rest assured about your complete safety, comfort and wonderful experience of medical tourism in India.

For more details and information, you may send your medical history and diagnostic reports to enquiry@medicoexperts.com for a swift response from our team.

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