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Spinal Tumors

Spinal Tumors

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Overview

A spinal tumor is an unusual mass of tissue that develops within your spinal canal or within the bones of your spine. These cells grow and multiply uncontrollably, seemingly unchecked by the mechanisms that control normal cells. Spinal tumors are of two types - Benign (Non-Cancerous) and Malignant (Cancerous). Generally spinal tumors are cancerous in nature. Spinal tumors are further classified into two types which are as follows-

  • Intra Dural - Tumors which begins with spinal cord or its outer layer/covering
  • Vertebral - Tumors which affects the bones of the spine


Causes

The commonly known causes and symptoms for Spinal Tumors are listed below. One should go and consult a Neuron-Spine doctor in case of;

  • Back pain or Neck Pain radiating to other parts of the body
  • Pain at tumor site due to the growth of Tumor
  • Low sensation to pain, heat and cold
  • Loss of Bowel or Bladder functions
  • Difficulty in walking, sometimes may lead to falls
  • A person may undergo Muscular dysfunctions like Paralysis
  • A person may suffer from different spinal deformities relating to the spinal cord


Treatment procedures for Spinal Tumors

The spinal tumor surgery is subjected to doctor’s recommendation only. Below is the list of Spinal Tumor surgeries.

  • Decompression: This surgery is to remove the entire tumor or part of it done depending upon several factors, the spinal tumor can be debunked (make smaller), excised (complete removal), or resected (partial removal). These types of procedures decompress or relieve pressure to the spinal cord and nerve roots, thereby helping to reduce pain and other symptoms.
  • Remobilization: An interventional technique, usually performed by a radiologist, that slows or cuts off the tumor's blood supply. Remobilization (embolotherapy) causes the tumor to shrink.
  • Vertebroplasty: A spinal tumor that develops within or invades (metastasize, spread) a vertebra may cause bony compression or fracture. Thus, Kyphoplasty or Vertebroplasty can be recommended in such cases. These procedures involve injection of a surgical bone cement into the fracture site so to provide immediate fracture stabilization.
  • Radio surgery (Cyber Knife): This is a non-surgical procedure that delivers precisely targeted radiation to treat certain spine tumors. Radio surgery treatment is administered during one or more sessions using high-dose of radiation. This treatment does not immediately remove the tumor like surgery. Rather, the tumor disappears with time.
  • Spinal Stabilization: Spinal stabilization, or spinal immobilization, is necessary for patients who suffer from a great deal of instability in their spine. This instability can be caused by a number of things, including trauma, injury, degenerative disc disease, scoliosis, kyphosis and more. The degree of stabilization necessary will depend on the severity of the condition and the surgeon’s assessment.


Common Investigations for Spinal Tumors

  • Spinal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI): MRI uses a powerful magnetic field and radio waves to produce accurate images of your spine, spinal cord and nerves. MRI is usually the preferred test to diagnose tumors of the spinal cord and surrounding tissues. A contrast agent that helps highlight certain tissues and structures may be injected into a vein in your hand or forearm during the test.
  • Computerized tomography (CT): This test uses a narrow beam of radiation to produce detailed images of your spine. But a CT scan is rarely used to help diagnose spinal tumors.
  • Biopsy: The only way to determine the exact type of a spinal tumor is to examine a small tissue sample (biopsy) under a microscope. The biopsy results will help determine treatment options.


Expected Results

The results or recovery totally depends on the age and health conditions of the patient, and whether the tumor is primary, metastatic, benign or malignant. The primary goal of the Spinal tumor surgery is to remove the threats and provide the potential cure of the malignancy. In the case of metastatic tumors, the goal is almost always palliative, with treatment aimed at providing the patient with an improved quality of life and possibly prolonged life expectancy.

Intradural extramedullary tumors detected by MRI are mostly benign and good clinical results can be obtained when treated surgically.

Furthermore, if the patient is old aged things may take time to recover and vice versa for young patients. Better results can also be derived by the inpatient rehabilitations like physiotherapy, general exercises depending on the body and muscular conditions of the patients.



Recovery Timeline

Surgical removal is the primary treatment for spinal tumors. However, recovery from the spinal cord tumor surgeries depends on several factors. Those are

  • Pre-operative Neurological Conditions- Recuperation for persons undergoing certain neurological issues such as weakness or balance difficulties are unpredictable and may take several months to recover. Since surgeries helps to eliminate the risks, it should also be noted that natural disabilities will take some time to cure.
  • Post-Operative Conditions- The surgical intervention can eliminate the risks of having spinal tumors. Post-surgery, the expected time for recovery would be approximately three to four weeks irrespective of the type of tumors. Constant follow up with and medications can improve the conditions and yield results in a minimum period for spinal stability


Cost for Spinal Tumor Surgery

  • The cost of Spine Tumor Surgery in India ranges between USD 4800 to USD 8000
  • Depending on cancer tissue type, the success rate of the surgery is 85-90%
  • The stay in hospital is of around 4 days and 8 days outside the hospital
  • Tests required prior the surgery include Blood Tests, X-ray and MRIs


Why MedicoExperts?

We at MedicoExperts believe in assisting you to get well-versed with complete information about Spinal Tumor Surgery in India. Being thorough with all the benefits from the appropriate treatment option for your Spinal Tumor issues, will help you make an informed choice. We have served hundreds of happy and satisfied patients from over 15 countries and understand your requirements and expectations.

We also provide you a platform for online video consultation so as to connect you with our chosen top Spine surgeons in India at the best ortho and Neuro Spine hospital in India for all your concerns and queries regarding orthopedic treatment. We assure you hassle free arrangements for your medical travel, evaluations, treatment, recover and stay in India. With the expertise of MedicoExperts, you can be rest assured about your complete handholding and safety, ancillary services, negotiated rates and wonderful experience of medical tourism in India.

For more details and information, you may send your medical history and diagnostic reports to enquiry@medicoexperts.com.

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