On our planet Earth everyone is born in different ways, some are born in the usual healthy way, while others with certain neuromuscular ailments. The stem cell therapy is the famous, leading and productive treatment option for various degenerative ailments using stem cells. These stem cells can be easily extracted from our bodies and thus have the potential to treat different disorders like neuromuscular and degenerative ailments.
Cells are the basic functional and structural units of all living organisms. Cells are responsible for all the metabolic activities of the body. Stem cells are the building blocks of Regenerative Medicine. Stem cells have the capacity to develop into different cell types in the body, depending on their class of stem cells (multipotent or pluripotent). Acting as a sort of repair system, they can divide themselves to replenish other cells for as long as the person is alive limitlessly. When a stem cell divides, each "daughter" cell has the capacity to either remain a stem cell or become another type of cell with a more specialized function, like muscle cell, a red blood cell, or a brain cell and many more.
Stem cells are characterized by two unique properties of self-renewal and regenerate into different cell types. They have the capacity to multiply indefinitely and to produce multiple identical cells. Additionally, acting as a sort of internal repair mechanism, they can multiply themselves limitlessly to replenish any other cells.
(A)They can Multiply infinitely
(B) Stem cells can convert themselves into other cell types
(C) Stem cells release positive chemicals
(D) Stem cells improve blood supply
Stem Cell Therapy is a detailed treatment plan which is prepared depending on the prevailing medical condition of the patient. Stem Cell Therapy is a minimally invasive non-surgical procedure; therefore, the patients should not take any blood-thinning medication ten days prior to the treatment. However, it is recommended to consult the doctor before discontinuing any type of medication.
The treatment procedure includes:
Bone Marrow Extraction
Bone marrow is the soft sponge-like material found inside the bones. The formation of blood takes place inside the bone marrow. Bone marrow are a rich source of adult stem cells. Extraction of bone marrow from hip bone is the simplest source for stem cells. The procedure is usually carried out under local anesthesia and with the help of a bone marrow aspiration needle. This procedure longs for only 15 to 30 minutes. Around 80 ml to 120 ml of bone marrow is extracted, depending on the weight of the patient.
Isolation, Analysis and Concentration of the Stem Cells in the Laboratory
First, the stem cells are isolated. The bone marrow extracted is further transferred to the certified stem cell laboratory for processing, where the density gradient centrifugation method is utilized to separate or isolate the stem cells from the extracted bone marrow. The method separates the Bone Marrow Mononuclear Cells (BMMNCs). BMMNCs are a heterogeneous mixture of cells which include hematopoietic (lymphocytes, monocytes, stem cells and progenitor cells) and non-hematopoietic cells (mesenchymal stromal cells, endothelial progenitor cells – EPCs, etc.). The separation process takes around 3 to 5 hours. Each sample is also tested for the presence of viral markers such as HIV, hepatitis B and C. Once more than two million CD34+ cells with over 80 percent viability are obtain, the stem cell concentrate is approved for patient’s treatment.
Stem Cell Implantation
The patient's condition determines the method of stem cell implantation. There are different ways of administering stem cells:
Once the BMMNCs are separated and purified (about 3-4 hours). The stem cells are first diluted in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and administered intrathecally (injected into the fluid around the brain and spine) using an epidural needle or a spinal needle. In certain cases, where stem cells are to be injected into the muscles (example. Muscular Dystrophy) the stem cells are diluted in the CSF and then injected into the muscles with the help of a very thin needle.
The stem cell therapy must be followed by an intensive neurorehabilitation process which includes physiotherapy, occupational therapy, aquatic therapy, creative visualization, yoga therapy, counseling and specialized diets. Stem cell therapy must be followed by a proper rehabilitation regime to gain a proper positive response. The rehabilitation therapies enhance the mobilization of stem cells and aid in the regenerative and reparative process. This holistic approach helps the patients to lead a better quality of life.
The patient has to stay for 30 days, however in some cases 45 days of stay is recommended. The approximate cost of Stem Cell Treatment would range between USD 6500 to USD 10000 per cycle depending on current condition of the patient and facilities.
At MedicoExperts, we understand the significance of your health, well-being and importance of leading an independent life. Our aim is to provide you the best experience for Stem Cell treatment in India at our top associate hospitals in India. Your Believe and trust of on us is our responsibility. For your privacy and protection, we maintain a strict non- disclosure policy. We understand that while you choose to travel abroad for your Stem Cell Treatment, you would surely look for positive results, comfort and guaranteed result. We would also provide you end to end assistance for your medical trip to India and shall provide complete solution for your Stem Cell Treatment – right from assisting you with the visa, hotel arrangements, airport pick up and drop, inland transfers, money exchange or sight-seeing and all other concierge services. We thus assure you hassle-free arrangements for evaluations, treatment, stay and travel in India. For more information and getting a tailor-made treatment plan for your stem cell treatment in India, please mail us your details and medical history at firstname.lastname@example.org Our concern person would get in touch with you according to your convenient time to guide you with all information regarding your treatment.