A Vericocele is a medical condition characterized by an enlargement of the veins within the scrotum that holds the testicles. It seems similar to the varicose veins which often occur in the legs. Most varicocele develops over time and are more common in the adult male population aged between 15-25 years. This abnormality in vein generally form during puberty and often seen in the left side of testicles because of the difference in anatomical positioning of the scrotum. However,varicocele can exist on both the sides but it is very rare.
Vericocele is the most common cause of depleted sperm quality and low sperm production which eventually results in infertility problems in males. This may also cause testicles to fail to develop normally or to shrink. Though not all varicocele affects sperm production, it is assumed that if one side of testicles is damaged then the sperm production on both the testicles is affected.
Vericocele might cause
The exact cause of varicocele is still unclear. Also there are no known established risk factors for developing a varicocele. The testicles are hold by a spermatic cord. This cord comprises of arteries, veins and nerves that supports this gland. In a healthy vein which is inside the scrotum the blood circulation in the testicles to scrotum is moved by the one-way valve and then return back to the heart. On the other hand if the blood circulation from the vein is not proper then it gets collected in the veins causing it to enlarge gradually and develops as a vericocele.
Vericocele usually produces no signs and symptoms. With time it may get enlarge and becomes noticeable. Apart from this following are the significant symptoms which indicate the development of Vericocele.
Following are the surgical interventions performed for Vericocele :
If you have the below mentioned symptoms you can be a candidate for surgery or embolization for varicocele
The recovery time for embolization is quicker and less as compared to surgery. The pain caused is also very less. The patient can get back to his work in a weeks time after embolization. If surgical ligation is done then it may take 2-6 days for complete recovery dependingon the type of technique that is open surgery or laparoscopic surgery.
The results with both procedures are best with firmness of the problem; however the chances of recurrence with embolization are possible rather than with surgical approach. The effect of the procedures is not yet clear on the fertility part, but it does improve the quality of the sperm.
|SNo||Name of Procedure||Cost in India (USD)|
|1||Varicocelectomy Surgery||2500 - 3500|
|2||Varicocele Embolisation||3000 - 4000|
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